In most states, individuals are considered adults when they reach their 18th birthday.
Robbery - Unlawful taking or attempted taking of property that is in the immediate possession of another by force or the threat of force. Petition The charging document filed in juvenile court by the state. Diversion Refers to any program that is an alternative to the filing of a court petition and which keeps the youth from entering the juvenile court system by referring the child to counseling or other social services. The coverage indicator incorporates the population served by reporting law enforcement agencies and the number of months the agencies reported arrest or reported crime counts during the calendar year.
Ideally, the disposition is designed to protect the public safety as well as address each youth's individual needs and characteristics.
If probable cause is found, in most jurisdictions there must also be a showing that the child is a flight risk or that the child is a danger to his or herself or others such that continued detention is required pending an adjudicatory hearing. As a result, juvenile court practitioners should carefully consider the language used and the structure of questions asked when communicating with adolescents.
Examples are thefts of bicycles or automobile accessories, shoplifting, pocket-picking, or the stealing of any property or article that is not taken by force and violence, or by fraud. Judicial decision - The decision made in response to a petition that asks the court to adjudicate or waive the youth.
Aggravated assault - Unlawful intentional inflicting of serious bodily injury with or without a deadly weapon, or unlawful intentional attempting or threatening of serious bodily injury or death with a deadly or dangerous weapon. Prostitution and commercialized vice - Sex offenses of a commercialized nature, such as prostitution, keeping a bawdy house, procuring, or transporting women for immoral purposes.
For the Juvenile Court Statistics report series, case dispositions are coded into the following categories:. At the intake screening, each youth is evaluated to determine his or her appropriateness for release or referral to a diversionary program, or whether the matter should be referred for prosecution. Therefore, for these states, the delinquency and status offense youth population at risk would be the number of children 10 through 17 years of age living within the geographical area served by the court.
Offenses against the family and children - Nonsupport, neglect, desertion, or abuse of children or other family members.
In addition, in a number of states, the district attorney is given the discretion of filing certain cases either in the juvenile court or in the criminal court.
In such cases, a petition is usually filed in juvenile court asking the juvenile court judge to waive jurisdiction over the case.
Please see the introduction to part VI of the Standards for a more detailed description of the various forms of transfer available in the United States. Counsel should be knowledgeable about the key aspects of adolescent development that informs specific legal questions regarding competence in legal proceedings, culpability, mitigation, and amenability to treatment and rehabilitation.
There must be a finding of probable cause that the child committed the alleged delinquent act before pre-adjudicatory detention is permitted. Liquor law violations not status - Being in a public place while intoxicated through consumption of alcohol or intake of a controlled substance or drug. Increasingly, researchers study the impact of context i.